It started in service with the Swedi sh Air Force inand for the time being one-seat and 28 two-seat a ircraft have been delivered.
Fourteen Gripen fighters were delivered to th e Czech Republic, 14 were bought by Hungary, super puma suisse anti aging ordered by South Africa, an d six by Thailand. Operational ' Comes from the word operate Operating an aircraft for any air force means flying and waging war against enemies to be defeated.
And to win any enemy in any circumstance, the air craft to execute this mission must be capable of: 1. See the enemy before i t is seen. Deter weapons that can defeat it, and be available in times o f war.
Feature a superior self-defense capability whether flying ' par ticularly through reduced radar or thermal signatures super puma suisse anti aging by means of early warning and counter measures particularly anti-missile systems ' or on ground ' with characteristics that reduce its dependability on fixed and vulnerable bases.
Integrate with the force's warfare system, which incl udes radars, early warning aircraft and flight control, communications, tac tics, techniques and doctrines to maximize the existing equipment.
Have the highest possible availability, i.
To that end the aircraft has to: 6. Be in line with the air force budget to assure all ite ms listed above.
Une mise au point?
Just having a fighter aircraft is not enough. It will be used for 30 years or more. This time comprises decades during super puma suisse anti aging the a ir force budget will determine the extent to which it will be able to use i ts fighter aircraft.
The shorter the extent the smaller will be the nation 's defense capability, as you cannot learn overnight how to fight your enem ies in the sky. Looking at the all competing aircraft under these priorities, we can say th at the three aircraft that are offered to Brazil easily meet the requiremen ts of a general air force. However, what changes in the specific aircraft evaluation is how they perform the above requirements and how they adjust t o the Brazilian model.
In terms of sensors that provide early warning, the three competitors offer next-generation or in-development radars. And all of them have plenty of technology to integrate it with the aircraft.
Hélicoptères : la Roumanie va-t-elle finalement préférer Bell à Airbus ?
Rafale's R BE2 is in the final development stage, and Gripen's is in an advanced desig n stage. The same can be said for weapons. The Scandinavian aircra ft can also fire the next-generation Meteor missile.
In the short range arena, the Rafale uses the same missile while the American and the Swedish aircraft use specific missiles for short-range combats, like the next-gene ration AIM-9X Sidewinder or the Python 4 and 5 made in Israel.
In this aspect, the key to differentiate the three aircraft are the missiles that the Brazilian industry currently has in production and in development, and that will be integrated with the winning aircraft. These are the weap ons today in the short-range air-air dominance and in the anti-radiation ar ena that will make the difference.
Developed by Brazilian scientists they hold secrets that provide FAB with an enormous advantage. The combination of these weapon's production, homologation and operation will assure a giga ntic growth for the increasingly important Brazilian missile industry. The three competing companies can do it and therefore, the company that will m ake this weapon integration with the aircraft it is offering for the smalle r price will most certainly have an enormous advantage in the weapons dimen sion.
The Gripen is ahead of the others in this dimension as it is the air craft that is testing the A-Darter in South Africa; the A-Darter is being j ointly developed by South Africa and Brazil.
The important thing in terms of weapons is the availability of short- and medium-range air-air missiles, anti-radiation missiles, all kinds of bombs, organic cannon, jammers, and designation, reconnaissance and electronic warfare equipment.
In terms of self-defense the three aircraft are also capable of meeting FAB 's requirements to different extents. The electronic warfare systems direc tly interact with the aircraft central computers and avionics; together wit h weapons they are the most sensitive devices in operating terms. Brazil i s interested to achieve the maximum independence possible in this field.
T o super puma suisse anti aging end the three competitors will have to offer FAB a package that is a bove all secure, which means the highest possible control on means.
Ai fost blocat(ă) temporar
None o f the three aircraft is a truly stealth aircraft. Like the Raptor, wh ich is not for sale to other countries but the USA, we are left to dream on it and buy the best possible solution.
Signaler On vient bien l'erreur de la commission européenne de l'époque a vouloir faire entrer à marche forcé et sous la pression des Usa les 12 pays de l'ancien bloc soviétique. On vient bien l'erreur de la commission européenne de l'époque a vouloir faire entrer à marche forcé et sous la pression des Usa les 12 pays de l'ancien bloc soviétique. Que ces pays deviennent le 52eme Etat des USa afin que nous soyons tranquille. Si c'était le cas il faudra couper les vivres à la Roumanie et faire un trie minutieux de cette population qui vit chez nous en renvoyant tous ceux qui ne devraient pas être là et refuser tous ceux qui rentreraient chez nous non en règle c'est à dire sans papierssans travail etc!!!!!!! Les hélicoptères d'airbus n'ont quasiment aucune pièces communes entre les hélicos d'attaque et les hélicos de trans
There are no doubts that FAB is cu rrently studying radar, thermal and acoustic signatures of each one of the competing aircraft, aspects of high importance to ensure future survival. Most certainly the report will take these îngrijire anti-îmbătrânire a pielii pentru flapper 20s into account. For FAB's new fighter aircraft to be integrated with the force carefully bu ilt war system, the new aircraft's and FAB current aircraft's operating phi losophies will have to converge.
If a given aircraft was developed to perf orm a specific role, adapting it to another operating system will require f or this aircraft to undergo modifications and adjustments so that it can ef ficiently operate with the Brazilian system, otherwise you have in hands a round screw and a square nut.
Palliative modifications will not suffice to solve the problem at hand. The entire aircraft must efficiently fit to an air force operating system. In the case of Brazil, having secure communic ations that only Brazilian technicians develop and handle and that are used with the Brazilian overall warfare system is paramount.
Super Puma Looping EC225
That is why the n ew F-X2 aircraft datalink is so important. FAB knows that this capability today is fundamental to increase the aircraft situational awareness, which translates into tactical advantages of the highest importance. Featuring t his capability will assure an aircraft superiority over another in the sky, even more than the payload an aircraft carries or the fighter's maneuverab ility.
It is the datalink that assures a systemic warfare operation, and i t is in this super puma suisse anti aging FAB is so interested. In addition, having the capability of operating in a continental country ' and this requirement all aircraf t fulfill ' is another essential aspect.
Cabal purge starts in the UK, what about the US?
Having the assurance of total i ndependence in all stages of the aircraft development, operation and mainte nance is a third item. Once again, the only one that can say how each one of the competitors meet this is FAB, and this most certainly will be anothe r part of FAB's important report.
In short, the issues of availability and compatibility with FAB's budget ca n be resumed to the aircraft operating cost, and it is in this point that t he Gripen NG-BR offers another advantage.
The Gripen fighter was born with the purpose to meet a series of requirements, including two that definitel y affect the aircraft costs: It should cost from 60 to 65 percent less tha n the Viggen, the fighter that the Gripen was supposed to replace; it shoul d also weight half the Viggen's weight.
Therefore, it is an aircraft that was born to be small, light and cheap.
O altă parte a fost acaparată de oamenii de afaceri evrei. Vom aminti pentru început un fapt bine cunoscut, acela că cei mai mari traficanţi de armament din lume sunt evreii, respectiv cetăţenii israelieni. Recentul caz Shimon Naor din România o demonstrează cu prisosinţă. După anulimporturile româneşti de tehnică militară prin evrei nu au mers doar pe relaţia cu Israelul.
Gripen competitors were designed wi th different requirements, where acquisition and operating costs were not a s important as other needs. This is the reason why the Swedish Defense Vic e Minister stated that his aircraft is much less expensive. Just the fact that it is a one-engine aircraft reduces its acquisition and operating cost s. For some critics having one single engine harms the aircraft, and this is refuted by the Swedish company. We researched the aircraft operating li fe, and we found out that so far in nearly 22 years of service, five accide nts with Gripen fighters occurred and none of them because of the engine.
However, the discussion of one engine against two engines, and the importan ce of the aircraft operating costs throughout the aircraft lifecycle is ano ther category that most certainly FAB is being thoroughly assessing.
Techn ical issues are closely linked to the capability of successfully operating any fighter aircraft, and it includes all support material, how the fighter s adjust to local facilities, the training material, the possibility of usi ng FAB's existing support equipment ' thus maximizing it ' and a wide array of other considerations that are related with FAB's daily routine.
The mere fact that the three aircraft have been shortlisted indicates that they meet FAB's operating requirements. However, the major operating diffe rential is expected to be the impact of their operating costs on FAB's dail y routine, a factor that takes into account the force reality, its capabili ty to use the means it has, regional specifics and a vast series of other i tems that directly affect its capability to have available an aircraft read y to fly, and to generate training and combat missions.
But how to select a new fighter aircraft? If we were a nation without the industrial park we have, this question woul d be very easy to answer. It would be enough for FAB to set out operating requirements for super puma suisse anti aging new aircraft to meet ' missions, the opponents and t he involved costs ' and look for the best offer on the market that would meet such requirements.
This is not the case, however. For Brazil the new fighter has to satisfy a series of demands that aim to e mpower not just our Air Force but also a technology industry that can provi de Brazil with military industrial sovereignty, differentiating our nation in the continent and across the world.
It is for this reason that FAB has been announcing ' for years ' that alimente anti-imbatranire sueros will examine the FX-2 competitors against seven categories, which we will remind again: Commercial, Technica l, Operational, Logistics, Industrial, Offset Agreement and Technology Tran sfer. Boeing released a document requesting that the American government a pproves its package for Brazil.
At press conferences they held, they provi ded super puma suisse anti aging on how they could implement technology transfer to FAB and several Brazilian industries.
According to this document, parts of which w e reproduce below, it becomes clear why they have used the word "necessary" instead of "unrestricted" when they refer to their package.